Wildlife Encounters - 9th - 12th grade
Lesson 4: Wildlife Rehabilitation


Anatomy: the study animal forms and the structure of body systems.

Anthropogenic: an outcome caused by humans or human activities.

Bird of prey: a meat-eating bird that feeds partly or completely on the animals it hunts. Some birds of prey known as scavengers (vultures are an example), only eat animals that have already died from other causes.

Captive care: how a wild animal is fed and cared for when it is kept in a cage or enclosure.

Captivity: Keeping an animal in a cage or enclosure. Animals in captivity rely of humans for all of their care.

Conservation: careful management of a natural resource to prevent exploitation, pollution, destruction, or neglect

Creance: Flying a bird on a leash to assess it flight abilities and to provide exercise.

Disease monitoring: assessing individual animals for disease that may indicate the health of a population.

Disease surveillance: actively assessing the health of a population of animals.

Euthanize: providing a humane, peaceful death to an animal who would suffer if kept alive.

Field triage: providing veterinary care to animals where the live rather than in a hospital.

Field: the natural habitat where wild animals live.

Fledgling: a young bird whose feathers are not mature enough for flight and who still needs parental care, though is out of the nest.

Foraging: searching for and acquiring food.

Niche: the unique role an animal or plant plays in its ecosystem.

Non-releasable: describes a wild animal in captivity that is not able to live a normal life in its natural habitat, and therefore should not be set free

Pathogen: an organism that causes disease. Bacteria, viruses, and funguses are common examples of pathogens.

Physiology: the study of animal body system function.

Raptor: a bird of prey with a hooked bill for tearing meat and sharp talons for catching prey.

Rehabilitators: are people who have special training and permits from the government to care for wild animals.

Releasable: describes a wild animal in captivity that is healthy and able to live a normal life in its natural habitat once it is set free

Stewardship: the careful and responsible management natural resources

Survivability: a wild animal's ability to acquire food, escape from predators, and do other normal behaviors such as migration.

Veterinarian: a doctor that provides medical care for any animal species except humans.

Veterinary medicine: diagnosis and treatment of diseases and injuries of animals

Wildlife medicine: the application of veterinary medicine to the treatment of injured or diseased free-living wildlife

Wildlife rehabilitation: the temporary care of injured, diseased, or orphaned wild animals with the goal of releasing the animals back into their native habitat

Back to Lesson
Next Button