Wildlife Encounters - 9th - 12th grade
Lesson 2: Wildlife Populations

Natural History of the Red Fox

fox

Diet: small prey animals (rabbits, rodents, birds), insects, berries, human garbage


Habitat: pastures, forests, cropland, stream banks


Movement: no migration


Territory and range: 2 square miles


Conspecific interactions: family stays together as a group for 1 year until pups are full grown and leave


Interspecific interactions: hunt prey species, hunted by larger predators


Reproduction: breed in late fall and early winter, 5-10 babies (kits)


Care of babies: stay in den for 1 month, mom and dad both hunt to feed offspring


Behavior: hunt alone so they don't frighten prey, nocturnal (active at night), nervous and shy around people


Interesting facts:

  • May vomit before trying to escape from danger so that they can run faster without carrying the weight of their food
  • Will backtrack to hide from predators
  • Can hop 6 feet vertically
  • Will run through water to cover their scent while being chased
  • Can run 30 miles per hour!

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