Wildlife Encounters - 9th - 12th grade
Lesson 2: Wildlife Populations
  • Key Words

Natural History

How different populations interact within themselves and with other populations in their communities is the natural history of that species.

The zoologist Maston Bates characterized natural history as "the study of life at the level of the individual - of what plants and animals do, how they react to each other and their environment, how they are organized into larger groupings like populations and communities." An animal's natural history describes:

  • Diet
  • Habitat
  • Movement within and out of their habitat
  • Territory and range
  • Interactions with other members of their species (conspecific)
  • Interactions with other species (interspecific) including people
  • Reproduction and caring for babies
  • Behavior

Click the images below to learn about the natural history of the red fox, fox squirrel, fox snake, and fox sparrow.

squirrel eating