Wildlife Encounters: Kindergarten - 4th Grade
Lesson 3: Humans & Wildlife

Key Words

Agriculture: Growing plants and raising animals for food. Land is need for agriculture.

Anthropogenic: Something caused by people.

Deforestation: Cutting down forests to use the land for something else.

Diversity: Many different species living in one area.

Emerging Disease: A new disease that was not previously known.

Endangered: An animal at risk for becoming extinct.

Feral: A domestic animal that lives wild.

Fossil Fuel: An energy source from plants and animals that died thousands of years ago. Coal, oil, and natural gas are fossil fuels. Fossil fuels are one of the reason global climate change is occurring.

Habitat Fragmentation: When habits are divided and become smaller due to increased human land use.

Habitat Loss: When animals can no longer live in their homes because the land is being used by people for a new purpose.

Interspecies Competition: When different species compete for the same resources. Invasive Species: A species not normally from an area that competes with native species for food and other resources.

Morbidity: Having a disease or injury.

Mortality: Death.

Native Species: Species that are originally from an area.

Nuisance Wildlife: Wildlife whose normal activities cause problems because they live close to people.

Pollution: When an ecosystem is damaged by something not supposed to be there. Pollution can be from garbage, chemicals, light, or even sound.

Recycling: Reusing materials for a new purpose. Recycling decreases the amount of waste produced.

Threatened: A species that has decreased in population number. Threatened species may become endangered soon.

Urbanization: The spread of human cities and the decrease of natural habitat.

Zoonosis: A disease that animals can give to people.


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