Wildlife Encounters - 5th - 8th grade
Lesson 4: Wildlife Rehabilitation
  • Key Words

Wildlife Medicine in Focus

Compare and Contrast

cheetah

Wildlife Rehabilitation:

Care of Individual Animals

  • Care is provided in a controlled hospital setting with access to advanced medical techniques and treatment.
  • Animals that recover are either released back into the wild or placed in a captive home such as a zoo.
  • Sometimes a large wild animal, like a deer that's been hit by a car, may be so badly injured that a veterinarian must help the animal before it can be moved for further treatment. This is called field triage - veterinary care outside of a clinic to make sure the animal is stable before moving it to the hospital or releasing it. Triage takes good instincts and sometimes has to be done with few supplies in order to help an animal in time to save it.
cheetahs running

Wildlife Medicine:

Care of Populations of Animals

  • Care is provided in the field, or where the animal lives in the wild, and severely injured or ill animals must be captured for care.
  • Examination of the animal is limited to looking at them from a distance, or requires that the animal is trapped and sedated.
  • Animal population health can be monitored by catching and performing examinations on multiple animals in a population. This allows wildlife vets to track how well that species is doing in the wild and helps in making plans to protect wildlife populations at risk for decline.