News

[horses and round barn]

Equine Researchers Receive Morris Animal Foundation Grants

Jan 20, 2016 / General News

Illinois equine researchers garnered two of the 16 equine grants approved by the Morris Animal Foundation for the 2016 funding cycle. Dr. Santiago Gutierrez-Nibeyro received funding to evaluate the effectiveness of a new surgical suture technique to repair upper airway obstruction in horses with a common upper respiratory disease called recurrent laryngeal neuropathy. Dr. Annette...

[female leatherback sea turtle on the beach]

Leatherback Sea Turtles Choose Nest Sites Carefully, Study Finds

Nov 24, 2015 / Research News

The enormous, solitary leatherback sea turtle spends most of its long life at sea. After hatching and dispersing across the world’s oceans, only the female leatherbacks return to their natal beaches to lay clutches of eggs in the sand. A new study offers fresh insights into their nesting choices and will help efforts to prevent...

Fred Kummerow in his laboratory, he has spent his career battling trans fats

A Minute With… Fred Kummerow on the FDA’s Ban On Trans Fats

Jun 5, 2015 / Comparative Biosciences News

Comparative biosciences professor Fred Kummerow, now 100, first reported a link between dietary trans fats and heart disease in 1957. Trained in lipid biochemistry, Kummerow later determined the mechanisms by which trans fats contributed to atherosclerosis in patients with heart disease. In 2009, he petitioned the Food and Drug Administration to ban trans fats from...

[swimming dolphin]

Researchers Link Dolphin Deaths to Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill

May 20, 2015 / Research News

CHAMPAIGN, Ill. — Dolphins found stranded on Gulf of Mexico beaches following the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill were much more likely to have severe lung and adrenal gland damage “consistent with petroleum product exposure” than dolphins stranded elsewhere and prior to the spill, researchers report. One in five dolphins from the spill zone also...

3D depiction of the production of steroid hormones, BPA

Flaws’ BPA Research Inspires YouTube Video

May 12, 2015 / Comparative Biosciences News

A group of undergraduate students at the University of Pennsylvania recently created a video influenced by Dr. Jodi Flaws, professor of comparative biosciences at Illinois. Dr. Flaws specializes in research involving factors such as toxicants that can affect the female reproductive system. One of Dr. Flaws’ recent research projects looked at how bisphenol A (BPA),...

BPA Mice Fertility

BPA Exposure in Pregnant Mice Affects Fertility in Three Generations

Apr 16, 2015 / Comparative Biosciences News

When scientists exposed pregnant mice to levels of bisphenol A equivalent to those considered safe in humans, three generations of female mouse offspring experienced significant reproductive problems, including declines in fertility, sexual maturity and pregnancy success, the scientists report in the journal Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. BPA exposure during pregnancy was associated with reproductive problems...

Pamela Wilkins and Maureen McMichael with a horse, blood clotting researchers

Study Points to New Standards for Evaluating Blood Clotting in Horses

Apr 10, 2015 / Practitioner Updates

Standards are needed for tests used to check for clotting ability in the blood of various species Two Illinois faculty members who are boarded in veterinary emergency and critical care recently published their findings showing that the blood of horses differs substantially from that of humans and dogs when a diagnostic tool called thromboelastometry is...

[Dr. Elizabeth Driskell and Clyde, a golden retriever, in an exam room]

Seeking a Faster Way to Catch the Kennel Cough Culprit

Apr 8, 2015 / Pathobiology

A cough, runny nose, fever, and lethargy. In dogs, these are classic signs of highly infectious upper respiratory problems that are lumped under the broad term “kennel cough.” The specific pathogen causing kennel cough may be viral, bacterial, or a combination of these. Because many different pathogens cause kennel cough, laboratory testing is required to...

[Dr. Jodi Flaws at a microscope]

The Phthalate DEHP Undermines Female Fertility in Mice

Mar 30, 2015 / Comparative Biosciences News

Two studies in mice add to the evidence that the phthalate DEHP, a plasticizing agent used in auto upholstery, baby toys, building materials and many other consumer products, can undermine female reproductive health, in part by disrupting the growth and function of the ovaries. In the first study, reported in the journal Reproductive Toxicology, researchers...