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Winter 2014

Some items have been excerpted from Illinois in the News, a daily service provided by the University of Illinois News Bureau.

Please Note: Some Web links are short-lived by design of the publisher. In most cases, articles are archived on the publisher's Web site and can be retrieved electronically. Some articles may be archived on sites that are fee-based, and some may have re-distribution restrictions. In some cases, first-time users of a publisher's Web site may be asked to subscribe to it.

BISPHENOL A AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH
New York Times (Aug. 28) - “I think most scientists working today agree that BPA is an ovarian toxicant,” said Jodi Flaws, a bioscientist at the University of Illinois.
http://well.blogs.nytimes.com/2014/08/28/in-plastics-and-cans-a-threat-to-women/?_php=true&_type=blo...

WILDLIFE AND INVASIVE PLANTS
Illinois Invasive Species Awareness Month (Aug. 28) In a presentation at the Illinois Invasive Species Symposium, Dr. Matt Allender indicated that the reduction in habitat quality from invasive plant species could be contributing to the decline in health and wellness for box turtles, which makes them more susceptible to diseases.
http://illinoisisam.blogspot.com/2014/08/is-stiltgrass-killing-our-toads-yes-but.html

ANIMAL FORENSICS
The Paw Report (WEIU-TV; Aug. 25) - CSI for animals? Veterinary pathologist Dr. Adam Stern shares his expertise on veterinary forensics.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d0LGGSRCW-0&index=51&list=PL9CXT6I6PY03BrdcRsQa5zYezLgIWg-aZ

PET LOSS GRIEF
The Paw Report (WEIU-TV; Aug. 11) - Cheryl Weber, a social worker from the University of Illinois College of Veterinary Medicine, discusses grief after the loss of a pet.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vn4CvQrZbcc&index=50&list=PL9CXT6I6PY03BrdcRsQa5zYezLgIWg-aZ

SEEKING DOGS FOR ARTHRITIS TRIAL
News-Gazette (Aug. 15) - UI researchers want to find out if a supplement used by human arthritis patients can help improve dogs' comfort and quality of life, according to Kim Knap, a canine rehabilitation practitioner at the veterinary college.
http://www.news-gazette.com/news/local/2014-08-15/ui-testing-arthritis-treatment-dogs-needs-subjects...

HEALTH RISKS FOR BLUE-EYED EQUINES
The Horse (Lexington, Ky., Aug. 5) - New evidence from a study by Amber Labelle, assistant professor and veterinary ophthalmologist at the University of Illinois Veterinary Teaching Hospital, and colleagues suggests that while owners of blue-eyed horses and those with a mixture of blue and brown eyes might need to take special care to prevent their horses from developing squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), those horses are not more at risk for general vision or eye problems than their brown-eyed counterparts.
http://www.thehorse.com/articles/34321/are-blue-eyed-horses-more-prone-to-eye-disease

SNAKE FUNGUS
Red Orbit . com (Dallas, July 16) -- Researchers at Illinois have developed a faster and more accurate way to test for infection with Ophidiomyces ophiodiicola, a fungus that is killing snakes in the Midwest and eastern United States. The test also allows scientists to monitor the progression of the infection in living snakes.
http://www.redorbit.com/news/science/1113192308/new-test-developed-to-fight-deadly-snake-fungal-dise...
Also in:
Science World Report (July 15)
http://www.scienceworldreport.com/articles/16045/20140715/deadly-fungus-kills-snakes-midwest-northea...
* http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/07/140715142747.htm
* http://squamates.blogspot.com/2014/07/ophidiomyces-ophiodiicola-in-eastern.html
* phys.org/news/2014-07-scientists-gear-deadly-snake-fungal.html
* http://www.terradaily.com/reports/Scientists_gear_up_to_fight_deadly_snake_fungal_disease_999.html
* http://beforeitsnews.com/science-and-technology/2014/07/scientists-develop-new-test-to-fight-deadly-...
* http://esciencenews.com/articles/2014/07/16/scientists.gear.fight.deadly.snake.fungal.disease
* http://www.innovations-report.com/html/reports/life-sciences/scientists-gear-up-to-fight-deadly-snak...
* http://www.myscience.us/wire/scientists_gear_up_to_fight_deadly_snake_fungal_disease-2014-illinois
* http://www.sciencenewsline.com/summary/2014071518000034.html
* http://aquatic.animalhealth.org/article/scientists-gear-fight-deadly-snake-fungal-disease-0
And at least a dozen other sites.

TUBERCULOSIS IN ELEPHANTS
Science Codex (San Jose, Calif., July 15) -- Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the organism that causes tuberculosis in humans, also afflicts Asian (and occasionally other) elephants. Diagnosing and treating elephants with TB is a challenge, however, as little is known about how their immune systems respond to the infection. A new study begins to address this knowledge gap, and offers new tools for detecting and monitoring TB in captive elephants. The study, reported in the journal Tuberculosis, is the work of researchers at the Illinois Zoological Pathology Program (ZPP).
http://www.sciencecodex.com/team_studies_immune_response_of_asian_elephants_infected_with_a_human_di...
Also in:
* http://phys.org/news/2014-07-team-immune-response-asian-elephants.html
* http://www.natureworldnews.com/articles/8089/20140716/asian-elephants-infected-with-human-disease.ht...
* http://www.news-medical.net/news/20140716/New-tools-for-detecting-and-monitoring-TB-in-captive-eleph...
* http://www.biosciencetechnology.com/news/2014/07/team-studies-immune-response-asian-elephants-infect...
* http://www.redorbit.com/news/science/1113193500/immune-response-asian-elephants-infected-with-tuberc...
* http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/07/140715142757.htm
* http://beforeitsnews.com/science-and-technology/2014/07/researchers-study-immune-response-of-asian-e...
* http://www.healthcanal.com/infections/53158-team-studies-immune-response-of-asian-elephants-infected...
* http://www.navhindtimes.in/new-tools-diagnose-human-tb-asian-elephants/
* http://www.daijiworld.com/news/news_disp.asp?n_id=248960
* http://www.mangalorean.com/news.php?newsid=496331&newstype=local
* http://www.mangalorean.com/news.php?newstype=local&newsid=496331
* http://esciencenews.com/articles/2014/07/16/team.studies.immune.response.asian.elephants.infected.wi...
* http://www.business-standard.com/article/news-ians/new-tools-to-diagnose-human-tb-in-asian-elephants...
* http://m.sciencenewsline.com/news/2014071518000035
* http://www.innovations-report.com/hrml/reports/studies/team-studies-immune-response-of-asian-elephan...
And at least two dozen other sites

SHELTER MEDICINE PROGRAM
WCIA Channel 3 10 O'clock News (July 2) - A Coles County animal shelter recently rescued more than 40 cats from a home in Charleston, but the cats are wild and can’t be adopted into homes. "Instead of bringing feral cats in and killing them, they're being sterilized, vaccinated, and out the door they go," said Dr. Robert Weedon, DVM, with the U of I shelter medicine program.
http://www.illinoishomepage.net/story/d/story/shelter-gives-stray-cats-a-second-chance/30321/ph_mvFz...

APE VACCINE TESTING
Smithsonian (May 27) -- Efforts to develop ape vaccines are embroiled in a larger debate over the use and treatment of chimpanzees in research laboratories. “I don’t think that’s a justification for keeping chimpanzees in that setting, that in and of itself,” says Karen Terio, a veterinary pathologist at the U. of I. “There are other animals that can be utilized as proxies.”
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/ebola-vaccine-wild-chimps-180951566/?no-ist

ILLINOIS LEADS ZOO READY INITIATIVE
Connect (Association of Zoos and Aquariums magazine; May 2014) - Dr. Yvette Johnson Walker, as part of the USDA-funded "Zoo Ready" program, organized a national meeting to facilitate communications about emergency response preparedness at the nation's zoos.
https://www.aza.org/WorkArea/linkit.aspx?LinkIdentifier=id&ItemID=33570&libID=33552 (AZA members only)

TRANS FAT RESEARCH PIONEER
WBUR-FM (90.9) (NPR; Boston, May 12) - Back in 1957, Illinois professor Fred Kummerow, a nutrition scientist, was analyzing the arteries of people who had died of heart attacks. At 99 years old, Kummerow is still conducting trans fat research -- and eating an egg every day. He joins Jeremy Hobson, of "Here & Now," to discuss his research and what he sees as the unfair vilification of cholesterol.
http://hereandnow.wbur.org/2014/05/12/trans-fats-scientist
Also in:
* WWNO-FM (89.9) (NPR; New Orleans, May 25)
http://wwno.org/post/99-anti-trans-fats-scientist-eats-egg-daily

DOGS POISONED BY FRESHWATER ALGAE
The Scientist (Midland, Ontario, May 1) -- A hidden danger for dogs abounds in freshwater bodies throughout the U.S. One out of three U.S. lakes harbors hazardous levels of toxin-releasing cyanobacteria, according to the Environmental Protection Agency. The blooms are sparked by a deluge of organic nutrients, such as those found in fertilizers, pouring into aquatic habitats. Dogs often fall prey to such bacterial outbreaks, according to a recent study led by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Their penchant for drinking stagnant water or diving headlong into contaminated ponds makes them susceptible to accidental poisoning. “It’s really important that the CDC is showing an interest,” says toxicology expert Val Beasley, a professor emeritus of comparative biosciences at the U. of I.
http://www.the-scientist.com/?articles.view/articleNo/39760/title/Dog-s-Worst-Friend/

WILDLIFE CLINIC FUNDRAISER
CI Living (WCIX-TV; April 30) - Nokomis and others from the Wildlife Medical Clinic spoke about the "Walk on the Wild Side" event and current season of wildlife "orphans."
http://www.illinoishomepage.net/story/d/story/walk-on-the-wild-side-benefit/29429/BuHIHUIVm0iB0xkeKK...

SPRINGTIME HAZARDS FOR WILDLIFE YOUNG
News-Gazette (April 29) - Wildlife infants can easily be injured when people start cutting down tree branches, clearing out brush and raking up piles of dead vegetation. Dr. Julia Whittington, director of the University of Illinois's Wildlife Medical Clinic, urges homeowners to do yard work in the next week or so, or consider leaving it until about mid-June to avoid disrupting nests.
http://www.news-gazette.com/news/local/2014-04-29/keep-eye-out-infant-critters-you-do-yardwork.html
http://www.news-gazette.com/image/2014-04-29/20140428-172234-pic-171225520jpg.html

SPREAD OF PIG VIRUS
A Minute With... (illinois.edu; April 29) - The porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) has killed at least 4 million young pigs since being identified in the U.S. one year ago. A research team led by University of Illinois veterinarian James Lowe recently concluded and published a study investigating how the devastating virus is being spread.
http://illinois.edu/lb/article/72/84393
Also in
* RFD-TV (Omaha, Neb., June 2)
http://www.rfdtv.com/story/25654807/pedv-spread-expected-to-decrease-over-the-summer#.U4yneXZbQ1J
* RFD-TV (Omaha, Neb., June 11)
http://www.rfdtv.com/story/25749875/tracking-will-help-id-how-pedv-is-transmitted#.U5nf7kBbQ1K

DIABETES IN PETS
Journal Gazette/Times-Courier (Mattoon, Ill.; April 28) - Diabetes is a common health problem for pets. Dr. Margarethe Hoenig, a veterinarian at the University of Illinois College of Veterinary Medicine in Urbana, is one of the foremost researchers in diabetes and obesity in dogs and cats.
\http://jg-tc.com/lifestyles/home-and-garden/facts-for-families-diabetes-is-a-common-health-problem-f...

FERRETS AS PETS
News-Gazette (April 27) - A distant cousin to weasels and skunks, ferrets were domesticated more than 2,000 years ago, according to Dr. Mark Mitchell, an exotic animal veterinarian at the UI Teaching Hospital in Urbana.
http://www.news-gazette.com/living/2014-04-27/pet-talk-mischievous-ferrets-make-good-pets.html

BABY WILDLIFE
Channel 3 News (Champaign; April 24) - Around this time of year, the Wildlife Medical Clinic at UI starts to get pretty crowded. People see tiny animals, figure they've been abandoned and bring them in. To see one up close, attend the upcoming Orphan Animal Baby Shower.
http://www.illinoishomepage.net/story/d/story/when-to-help-wildlife-babies/28332/DJ51F6r5B0yaw0ZEJ2y...

WILDLIFE BABY SHOWER
News-Gazette (April 24) - The University of Illinois Wildlife Medical Clinic would like the public to attend a "baby shower" Saturday at Prairieland Feeds in Savoy to benefit the animals cared for at the clinic. "I want people to come learn about how to help baby wildlife without hurting them," Said Dr. Julia Whittington, director of the clinic.
http://www.news-gazette.com/news/local/2014-04-24/event-will-feature-animals-uis-wildlife-clinic.htm...

3D PRINTING IN VETERINARY RADIOLOGY
The Daily Journal (Kankakee, Ill., April 18) - Dr. Stephen Joslyn, a veterinarian radiologist at the U. of I. Teaching Hospital, talks about the application of 3-D printing in veterinary medicine.
http://www.daily-journal.com/opinion/columnists/local/u-of-i-pet-column-advances-in-technology-impac...

NUISANCE GEESE
WCIA News (April 17) - Dr. Ken Welle, assistant professor at UI's College of Veterinary Medicine, says he's not surprised that measures taken by Urbana's park system to keep geese away from ponds have not been successful. "They're not dumb animals. They will figure out that they're not harming them eventually."
http://www.illinoishomepage.net/story/d/story/gaggles-of-geese-looking-to-land/29900/6rdP3HfiQ0S2dYx...

EQUINE OPHTHALMOLOGY
The Horse (Lexington, Ky., April 15) -- "Horse eyes are awesome," said Amber Labelle, assistant professor and veterinary ophthalmologist at Illinois Veterinary Teaching Hospital. "But excessive tearing is not awesome."
http://www.thehorse.com/articles/33718/managing-horses-with-excessive-tearing

PET POISONING
Journal Gazette & Times-Courier (Mattoon, Ill., April 14) -- One common reason for a call to the Animal Poison Control Center, a program of the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, is a pet has eaten human medications. Dianna Black, a pharmacist at the U. of I. Veterinary Teaching Hospital, explains how to properly and safely dispose of expired and unneeded medications.
http://jg-tc.com/lifestyles/proper-disposal-of-medication-protects-health/article_ae31160b-4f9b-52a9...

VITAMIN D DEFICIENCY IN RABBITS
Science Daily (April 9) - Rabbits that remain indoors may suffer from a lack of vitamin D, researchers reported in the American Journal of Veterinary Research. "We know that vitamin D is important to vertebrates in that it helps with calcium absorption, but it also has been shown to benefit cardiovascular health and immune function," said Mark Mitchell, a University of Illinois veterinary clinical medicine professor, who led the research.
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/04/140409103407.htm
Also in:
* e! Science News
http://esciencenews.com/articles/2014/04/09/rabbits.kept.indoors.could.be.vitamin.d.deficient
* Phys Org
http://phys.org/news/2014-04-rabbits-indoors-vitamin-d-deficient.html
* Health Canal
http://www.healthcanal.com/public-health-safety/49674-rabbits-kept-indoors-could-be-vitamin-d-defici...
* Science Codex
http://www.sciencecodex.com/rabbits_kept_indoors_could_be_vitamin_d_deficient-131457
* EurekAlert!
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2014-04/uoia-rki040914.php
* Science Newsline
http://www.sciencenewsline.com/summary/2014040916240024.html
* Innovations Report
http://www.innovations-report.com/html/reports/agricultural-sciences/rabbits-kept-indoors-could-be-v...
* Huawei Club
http://en.club.vmall.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=24596
* Daily News
http://www.dailynewsen.com/science/rabbits-kept-indoors-could-be-vitamin-d-deficient-h2468802.html
* Press News
http://press-news.org/127887-rabbits-kept-indoors-could-be-vitamin-d-deficient.html
* Bio-Medicine
http://news.bio-medicine.org/?q=biology-news-1/rabbits-kept-indoors-could-be-vitamin-d-deficient-350...
* Before It's News
http://beforeitsnews.com/alternative/2014/04/indoor-test-animals-prove-the-need-for-sunlight-2935256...
* Activist Post
http://www.activistpost.com/2014/04/indoor-test-animals-prove-need-for.html


ANESTHESIA FOR EXOTIC FELINE DENTISTRY
WVTM-Channel 13 (video; NBC; Birmingham, Ala., April 8) -- An anesthesia team from the veterinary school at the U. of I. handled the anesthesia on six tigers, three lions and a leopard at the Exotic Feline Rescue Group in Indianapolis. The big cats had broken teeth that needed either root canal therapy or extraction.
http://www.alabamas13.com/story/25195090/pet-vet-tiger-teeth-treating-big-cats

EQUINE DENTAL CARE
News-Gazette (March 30) - According to Dr. Scott Austin, an equine veterinarian at the University of Illinois Veterinary Teaching Hospital in Urbana, horses between 2 and 5 years of age should have two dental exams each year.
http://www.news-gazette.com/living/2014-03-30/pet-talk-equine-dental-care-vital-overall-wellness.htm...

CONTROLLING ANTIBIOTIC-RESISTANT BACTERIA
medwire News (London, March 23) - The spread of virulent, antibiotic-resistant strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae may be controllable through the use of competence-stimulating peptide (CSP) analogues, U.S. researchers believe. Using a mouse model of S. pneumoniae infection, U. of I. pathobiology professor Gee Lau and student Luchang Zau showed that synthetic CSP analogues inhibited the bacteria's ability to acquire and transfer genes conferring resistance and virulence.
http://www.medwirenews.com/43/105460/Infectious_diseases/CSP_analogues_may_attenuate_S._pneumoniae_v...
Also in
* News-Medical . net (Sydney, March 24)
http://www.news-medical.net/news/20140324/CSP-analogues-may-attenuate-S-pneumoniae-virulence-resista...